As you have probably already guessed, many of the illnesses that can affect humans can also affect our four-legged friends. Bladder stones are one of the most common conditions that dogs may suffer through in their lifetimes. Usually the result of recurrent bladder infections, bladder stones can lead to problems with the kidneys and other organs in addition to being very painful for your dog. Since almost all breeds of dogs can get bladder stones, it is helpful to understand the condition and its treatments for the safety of your own dog.
When excess waste and minerals begins to crystallize in the dog’s bladder, you get a bladder stone. While symptoms can vary greatly between dogs, acute and serious pain is almost always present. Also known as uroliths, bladder stones are most common in dogs between the age of four and six years and in female dogs; although, older dogs and male dogs are not immune to the condition. Chronic infections (especially chronic bladder infections), metabolic diseases, pour nutrition, and other factors are leading causes of bladder stones. Over time, bladder stones almost always become quite painful for dogs so if you notice that your dog is frequently ill with infection it is probably a good idea to visit the vet.
Treating bladder stones usually comes down to dietary changes but there are some medical techniques that help. First of all, because bladder stones are often associated with an infection, your veterinarian will likely prescribe an antibiotic to eliminate the underlying infection. Then, if dietary changes are not sufficient for treating the stones, a number of other medical treatments may be required. Surgical removal of the stones may be necessary in the most extreme cases but most veterinarians will try less invasive treatments. If you suspect your dog is suffering from bladder stones visit your vet immediately to determine the best course of action.