If your dog has been peeing blood recently, it is time for a visit to the vet. Bloody urine occurs if a canine urinary tract infection is present, if there are bladder stones (Canine urolithiasis), or a combination of the two. Canine urolithiasis in dogs commonly occurs in dogs between the ages of two and ten years old. Bladder stones most often occur in the bladder but they can also occur in the kidneys or the ureters.
Blood in the urine is a typical symptom of canine urolithiasis. Other symptoms include urination at inappropriate places, odor in urine, back pain, and difficulty urinating or frequent urination in dogs. On the contrary, most pets do not experience any symptoms when hosting bladder stones. Bleeding occurs because the stones irritate and scrape the urinary tract causing cuts and thus resulting in bloody urine.
The proper name given to stones which form in the bladder is “calculi”. Calculi are usually made up of minerals such as magnesium, ammonium phosphate, or calcium oxalate. Usually these minerals form stones within the urinary tract when the urine is over saturated. Bacterial infections in the urinary system often result in calculi composed of ammonium phosphate, which is also known as struvite.
Treatment usually depends on the size of the stones and if there is an infection present. If the stones were caused by a bacterial infection, then your pet will be prescribed antibiotics. In most cases, dogs are given a special diet that focuses on lowering mineral concentrations. If the stones had caused blockages, your vet will remove them immediately. If necessary, your veterinarian will also prescribe medications to help rid of calculi. Complete elimination happens within 4-16 weeks.
Reoccurrence of urolithiasis is frequent in dogs which is why many veterinarians encourage pet owners to continue keeping their dogs on the special diet. When keeping your pet on the special diet, it is crucial that he or she only consumes what your veterinarian has approved. Refrain from feeding your pet additional supplements, cereals, and foods as doing so can prolong your pets’ suffering.